For immediate release:
Occupational and Environmental health and justice and workers’ rights groups from Asia, Europe and North America today issued a joint statement condemning TCO Development – the Swedish certification organization – for awarding its first “Sustainability Certification” to Samsung’s Galaxy S4 Smartphone, in spite of the fact that Samsung has been severely criticized in South Korea and elsewhere for its dismal occupational safety and health record. More than 180 young Samsung workers have developed occupational diseases such as cancer and 70 of them have already died after having been exposed to hazardous chemicals on the job. In addition, a recent leakage of hydrogen fluoride in a Samsung semiconductor factory in Hwaseong killed another worker. (See the references below for further details).
“TCO Development's action amounts to ‘green washing’ of the worst kind” said Sanjiv Pandita, Executive Director of Asia Monitor Resource Centre, based in Hong Kong. “This perverse certification award sends the wrong signals which reward a company that has increased its market share while at the same time sacrificing the health of its workers. TCO Development has severely undermined its reputation by ignoring Samsung’s treatment of its workers.
Samsung is a company which has been at the forefront consistently in denying basic workers’ rights such as the right to organise, unionise and a right to a safe working environment – they certainly do not deserve recognition and credentials of this nature.”
“This action dishonors the memory of so many innocent young people who sacrificed their lives while working for Samsung” added Dr. Jeong-ok Kong, an occupational health physician working with the Supporters for Health and Right of People in Semiconductor Industry (SHARPS), which is based in South Korea. Data collected by SHARPS and submitted to the South Korean government details how more than 180 young Samsung production workers have contracted cancer and other chronic diseases.
“This kind of irresponsible action by TCO Development gives the terms “green label” and “sustainability” a bad name and indicates that either TCO Development is unaware of Samsung’s callous disregard for their workers’ health or has decided to ignore the disturbing pattern of occupational illness, which would be even worse,” said Ted Smith, Coordinator of International Campaign for Responsible Technology, based in San Jose California. “TCO Development must not claim that its certification rewards ‘sustainable’ behavior - including social issues and occupational health - while at the same time failing to acknowledge the well documented cancer cluster at Samsung.”
“We are very disappointed in TCO Development because of its actions in this case” explained Hilda Palmer, Chair of the National Hazards Campaign in the UK. “We’ve come to expect credible actions from TCO Development and we believe that the only way to correct this action is for TCO Development to withdraw its certification of Samsung’s S4 Galaxy and go back to the drawing board. TCO Development must base its certifications based on the real world and require that a certified company have an exemplary record on occupational and environmental health as well as strict adherence to ILO requirements, and not base their decision merely on modest, unenforceable procedural niceties.”
“Sustainability certification is far too simple a tool to ensure respect for human rights in the complex global electronics” supply chain, added Pauline Overeem, Coordinator of Good Electronics, based in Amsterdam. “To address the grave labour issues in electronics manufacturing including the industry’s failure to provide safe workplaces, workers should have a say about their working and employment conditions. Enabling labour rights such as the freedom of association and the right to bargain collectively are crucial. Samsung is clearly not the right example here.”
· “Leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in semiconductor industry workers in Korea”
By Inah Kim, Hyun J. Kim, Sin Y. Lim, & Jungok Kongyoo, International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 2012 VOL. 18 NO. 2. - http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/maney/oeh/2012/00000018/00000002/art00011
· “A heroic struggle to understand the risk of cancers among workers in the electronics industry: the case of Samsung” - http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/maney/oeh/2012/00000018/00000002/art00002
· The number of occupational diseases from Samsung, found by SHARPS:
Mobile phone, Electronic components
Glass for LCD
Camera, Robot, Other microelectronics
· Korean court supports Samsung workers claim for occupational illness: http://stopsamsung.wordpress.com/2011/06/25/a-historical-but-partial-victory-of-leukemia-victims-of-samsung-semiconductor-factory-court-orders-compensation/
· HF leak at Samsung: http://stopsamsung.wordpress.com/2013/02/05/samsung-continues-to-cover-up-fatal-chemical-leaks-with-more-lies/
Background of the TCO Development Sustainability Certification (excerpts from TCO documents)
“Criteria in TCO Development Certified Smartphones are developed from a life cycle perspective, including requirements for socially responsible manufacturing, health/safety and the reduction of hazardous materials. Product compliance is verified by an independent, accredited third party.”
A TCO Certified smartphone must meet requirements in the following areas:
· Socially responsible manufacturing
· Ergonomics /health & safety
The criteria for TCO Development Certified include environmental and social aspects, and have been broadened from product focus to also include the production phase. This is a result of increased expectations around the world to respect human rights in the production and development of the products.
B.7 Corporate Social Responsibility (note that these criteria are procedural, not substantive with no metrics)
B.7.1.1 General Clarifications
TCO Development is from this version of the criteria taking the next step in relation to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) by introducing an extended mandate regarding supply chain responsibility, since the way in which products are produced is gaining importance for consumers as well as professional buyers. Within the ICT industry supply chain responsibility is increasingly seen as a hygiene determinant.
We aim to be a sustainability label that assures good products in three relevant areas – environmental, social and ergonomics. We want the label to be proof for compliance with public procurement ethical criteria as well as with private sector CSR polices.
The Social performance criteria are based on the eight ILO core conventions and local legislation. This stipulates minimum standards as for the situation in the production facilities. ILO (International Labour Organization) is a United Nations specialized agency with the aim to promote social justice and humane working conditions.
B.184.108.40.206 Requires membership in the Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC)
Download attachment of full statement with the list of organisations who have endorsed the statement