In looking at Batam FTZ, Singaporeplays an important role in gaining the economic and political power over the region. The rapid development of the electronics industry and booming economic growth in late 1980s encouraged Singaporeto aggressively open up new production spaces and seek new supplies of cheap labour, land and water from its neighbour, Indonesia. The concept of the logic of territorial power applies here.
The chapter on SEZs in Indiaby Surendra Pratap focuses on two SEZs in Andhra Pradesh, the Kakinada SEZ of East Godavari District and the Brandix India Apparel City SEZ of Vishakhpattanam District. Kakinada SEZ is situated in the East Godavari District on the northeast coast of Andhra Pradesh. It is bordered on the north by Visakhapatnam District and the State of Orissa, on the east and south by the Bay of Bengaland on the west by Khammam and West Godavari Districts.
A study on BPO in the Philippines, by the Ecumenical Institute for Labor Education and Research, Inc. (EILER), focuses on the development of a new variant of the zone which has emerged with the rapid development of information technology. As pointed in this chapter, a new generation of SEZ policies in the Philippineswere introduced in 1995 with the signing of the SEZ Act.
Referring to the four phases of the transformation of the zone, the third phase, the establishment of the SEZ in China, transformed the general understanding of the concept of an economic zone. The zone became a laboratory for economic and political change and explicitly political. The chapter on China SEZs by Apo Leong and Surendra Pratap captures the development of the zone in Chinafrom its earliest days to the latest political developments in 2011.
The paper discusses the development of the zone in Malaysiaas the country pursues its ambition to become the regional hub for the economic growth. In 2007, Malaysiagovernment put into action its plan for the establishment of the economic corridors in five designated regions in Malaysia.
In 1998, AMRC published “We in The Zone” describing the working condition within EPZs in 10 countries, those are Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and China. In general the book describes the situation experienced by most of women workers working in EPZs.
The Asian Network for the Rights of Occupational and Environmental Victims (ANROEV) expresses its deep sadness and outrage at two recent fires within a spate of three months in Karachi and Dhaka. These fires together killed more than 420 workers and have now become the most devastating fires, in terms of the death toll, in Asia.
Why, hundreds of years after it was legally abolished, does slavery persist? Bonded labour, or debt bondage, is perhaps the least known form of slavery today, and yet it is the most commonly used method of enslaving people.
On July 4-5, 2012 AMRC organized Southeast Asia Sub Regional Workshop in Bangkok. The workshop involved 16 groups from Southeast Asia. As a continuation of AMRC last three year program on informal workers organiizing and collective bargaining, the meeting focused on elements of sustainable organization.
The following attachment is a report of a workshop wich was co-organized by AMRC and partner in Central Java Province, Indonesia. The workshop was aimed at structuring experiences in organizing workers in informal economy such as waste pickers and fishermen into a training manual.